Mononucleosis, or “mono” as it’s commonly known, is a virus that’s spread through saliva. It’s a common illness among young adults but can also affect people of any age. It’s highly contagious and can be spread through kissing and sharing drinks or utensils. But how contagious is mono?
This blog post will explore the answer to this question and discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for mononucleosis. We will also look at ways to prevent the spread of mono by keeping yourself and others safe from infection.
What is Mono?
While mono is sometimes called the “kissing disease,” you don’t have to kiss someone with mono to get it. Mono is short for mononucleosis, an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Mono can be spread through saliva, so it’s sometimes called glandular fever, too.
Most people are infected with EBV as children, but the virus can lie dormant in your body for years before causing mono. EBV is most common in teens and young adults, which is why it’s also called the “teenage disease.”
Mono symptoms can include fatigue, fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and more. The illness usually lasts a couple of weeks, but some people may feel tired and run down for several months afterward.
How contagious is mono? if you think you have mono, see a doctor. In rare cases, mono can lead to severe complications like liver damage or splenic rupture.
Symptoms of Mono
Symptoms of mono can be mild to severe and usually develop within 2 to 4 weeks after you’re infected. They may include:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in your neck or armpits
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
Sometimes, the spleen or liver may enlarge, and you may develop a skin rash. Mono can also cause anemia, making you feel weak and tired. In rare cases, it can lead to more severe problems such as meningitis or encephalitis, both inflammations of the brain. If you notice any of these symptoms, see a doctor right away.
How is Mono Spread?
How contagious is mono? Mono is most commonly spread through saliva. This can happen through kissing, sharing straws or cups, or even close contact with someone who has mono. This virus can also be spread through blood, so it’s important to avoid sharing needles or other sharp objects with someone who has mono. In rare cases, mono can be passed from an infected mother to a newborn during pregnancy or delivery.
Treatment for Mono
There is no specific treatment for mono, but there are many ways to manage the symptoms and help the body recover. Rest is crucial for recovery, so patients should limit their activity as much as possible. Having plenty of fluids and eating a healthy diet can help the body heal. Over-the-counter medications can manage fever, pain, and sore throat. In many cases, patients may need to be hospitalized for supportive care.